Shipping Glossary

select arrow down icon

Word/Phrase

Description

  • Dangerous Cargo Service
    This fee covers the additional costs incurred by the carrier in the movement of Dangerous cargo from or to an inland location.

    Additional costs consist of licenses, permits, and the carrier has to use specialized vendors with certifications that cost more.

    This fee will be applicable to dangerous bookings where carrier inland haulage (export or import) has been requested by the customer.
  • Delivered Ex Ship DES
    For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
  • Delivery
    (1) The physical and legal transfer of a shipment from consignor to carrier and from carrier/ transport agent to consignee.
    (2) The act of putting property into the legal possession of another, whether involving the actual transfer of the physical control of the object from one to the other or being constructively effected in various other ways.
  • Delivery Duty Unpaid DDU
    For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
  • Delivery Ex Quay DEQ
    For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
  • Delivery Order
    An order from the consignee, shipper or owner of freight to a terminal operator, carrier or warehouse to deliver freight to another party. On imports, it may also be known as a pier release.

    A document which is neither a bill of lading or a waybill but contains an undertaking which
    (1) is given under or for the purposes of a contract for the carriage by sea of goods to which the document relates, or of goods which include those goods; and
    (2) is an undertaking by the carrier to a person identified in the document to deliver those goods to that person which the document relates.

    Delivery orders are capable of transferring contractual rights by way of endorsements, but they are not necessarily documents of title in the sense of being able to pass constructive possession.
  • Demand Chain
    Another name for supply chain, with emphasis on the customer or party controlling demand.
  • Demurrage
    This fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment in the terminal for longer than the agreed amount of free time.

    It can be incurred for both exports (early drop-off) and imports (late pick-up).

    Export: Demurrage days are counted from gate-in (full) to container loading minus free days.

    Import: Demurrage days are counted from container discharge to gate-out (full) minus free days.

    Applicable to all containers that remain at a terminal location longer than agreed free time.
  • Detention Fee - Export
    This fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment longer than the agreed amount of free time.

    Export: Detention days are counted from pick-up empty to gate-in full minus free days.

    This fee is applicable to all containers that remain in the customer’s possession longer than the agreed free time.

    Not applicable for shipper owned containers.

    *Applicable calculation methods may vary by country.
  • Detention Fee - Import
    This fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment longer than the agreed free time.

    Import: Detention days are counted from gate-out full to gate-in empty minus free days.*

    This fee is applicable to all containers that remain in the customer’s possession longer than the agreed free time.

    *Applicable calculation methods may vary by country.
  • Detention in Transit Service
    The carrier has the ability to hold shipments at transhipment ports until further instructions are received from the customer.

    This gives the customers the flexibility to delay the cargo arrival, when it assists them in their business.

    Note: the carrier is unable to hold containers longer than 14 days unless the customer submits a written letter of indemnity to the carrier which states that the carrier will not be liable for any cargo damage not covered by Insurance during the extra detention period.

    The DIT charge is applicable based on the request by the customer and subject to the carrier’s acceptance.
  • Differential
    Amount added or deducted from base rate to create a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
  • Distribution
    The full range of activities and planning required to move a product from the production line to the end-user.
  • Distribution Requirements Planning
    A system of determining demand for an inventory at distribution centres, consolidating the demand information backwards, and acting as input to the production and material system.
  • Diversion Charge
    Fee for diverting cargo from original intended destination port to a new location.
  • Dock Receipt
    Receipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is exchanged for a bill of lading with the transportation line.
  • Double Stack Car
    Rail car capable of carrying two containers stacked on top of each other.
  • Draft
    Marine: The depth to which a vessel's deepest point is under water. Rail: A cut of coupled cars. Financial: A signed, written order by one party that instructs another party to pay a third party a specific amount. It can also be called a bill of exchange.
  • Drawback
    99% refund of imported or duty paid materials which are to be re-exported.
  • Drayage
    Inland transportation from vendors to the port of shipment, and from discharge port to the point of stripping the ocean container. Drayage is hence undertaken for CY and CFS cargo.
  • Dry Dock
    Used to lay up vessels for repair.
  • Dunnage
    Material used around cargo to prevent breakage or shifting, normally provided by shipper. Its weight is included in the rating.
  • Duty Drawback
    (1) Payment returned for cargo re-exported or trade show material.
    (2) A customs refund on re-exported cargo.